Thoughts from an agricultural development gal in Ghana

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Development Digest – 28/10/11

Hi everyone,

Another belated issue, containing only what I had time to read… sorry! But there have been some really great EWB blog posts in the past couple weeks – I hope you take time to read some of them. Enjoy!

-Erin

If there’s anything you’d like to see added or removed from the Development Digest, please let me know!

If you only have time to read a few articles, read the ones with the *star*!

Africa news:

Africa set for steady growth, with threat of faster inflation – http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/survey/so/2011/CAR101911A.htm
Democracy in SSA: it’s progress, even if it’s patchy – http://www.economist.com/node/21531010
Africa: A sophisticated plan to boost growth – http://blogs.ft.com/beyond-brics/2011/10/20/africa-a-sophisticated-plan-to-boost-growth
*Women and the Arab awakening: now is the time – http://www.economist.com/node/21532256

Agriculture news:

Farmers facing loss of subsidy may get new one – http://www.nytimes.com/2011/10/18/business/when-one-farm-subsidy-ends-another-may-rise-to-replace-it.html
Trees ‘boost African crop yields and food security’ – http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-15305271
High costs make it harder to grow young farmers – http://www.npr.org/2011/09/23/140631752/high-costs-make-it-harder-to-grow-young-farmers
Spore: the magazine for agricultural and rural development in ACP countries – http://spore.cta.int/modernisation/index.php/article/voir/en/2
*China’s farming history misapplied in Africa – http://english.aljazeera.net/indepth/opinion/2011/10/201110241502249406.html
Kenya: a glimpse of climate-smart agriculture – http://ccafs.cgiar.org/blog/kenya-glimpse-climate-smart-agriculture-bad11#
How can contract farming work for poor farmers? – http://www.oxfamblogs.org/fp2p/?p=7298

Development thinking:

Who is going to pay for open aid data experts? – http://aidnography.blogspot.com/2011/10/who-is-going-to-pay-for-open-data.html
Some days… – http://talesfromethehood.com/2011/10/12/some-days/
Cash transfers: What have we learned so far? What are the implications for policy? What more do we need to know? – http://blogs.worldbank.org/impactevaluations/cash-transfers-what-have-we-learned-so-far-what-are-the-implications-for-policy-what-more-do-we-need
*Development impact calls for knowledgeable development practitioners – http://blogs.worldbank.org/impactevaluations/development-impact-calls-for-knowledgeable-development-practitioners
Important communication to all aid bloggers related to the urgent need for better coordination in the sector – http://handrelief.blogspot.com/2011/09/important-communication-to-all-aid.html
Joint learning and partnership building events on scaling up the fight against rural poverty (good links) – http://www.ifad.org/events/scalingup/index.htm
The rise of the ‘new’ donors (India, China, etc.) – http://www.irinnews.org/IndepthMain.aspx?reportid=94004&indepthid=91
Global resilience requires novelty: a speech by Buzz Holling at SFU – http://aidontheedge.info/2011/10/25/global-resilience-requires-novelty-a-speech-by-buzz-holling/
USAID’s complexity journey – http://aidontheedge.info/2011/10/17/usaids-complexity-journey/

Special Feature: Aid blogger ‘J’ held a Blog Forum on Admitting Failure (and I missed it! damn…)
Here are some of the highlights (in my opinion):
*Fad surfing in the Development Boardroom (hard-hitting post on Admitting Failure) – http://www.architecturefordevelopment.com/2011/10/fad-surfing-in-the-development-boardroom/
10 levels of failure: a framework to fail in everything you do – http://wayan.com/ict4d/10-levels-of-failure.html
With fails like these, who needs success? – http://bottomupthinking.wordpress.com/2011/10/20/with-fails-like-these-who-needs-success/
Beneficiaries, Idealism and Admitting Failure – http://buildingmarkets.org/blogs/blog/2011/10/20/beneficiaries-idealism-and-admitting-failure/
Admitting Failure: the “naked truth” for water and sanitation? – http://beginninginbamako.wordpress.com/2011/10/18/admitting-failure-the-naked-truth-for-water-and-sanitation/
Admitting failure is trendy but, at least for NGOs, not prudent – http://aphaih.wordpress.com/2011/10/18/admitting-failure-trendy-but-at-least-for-ngos-not-prudent/
On admitting failure, otherwise known as learning – http://onmotherhoodandsanity.blogspot.com/2011/10/on-admitting-failure-otherwise-known-as.html
The paradox of aid failures – http://aidontheedge.info/2010/12/13/the-paradox-of-aid-failures/

EWB blog posts:

*Joyce: First moto lesson – http://alexandrajoyce.wordpress.com/2011/09/29/first-moto-lesson/
Dominique: What am I doing in Ghana, part 2? – http://domsafricanblog.blogspot.com/2011/10/what-am-i-doing-in-ghana-part-2.html
Lyndsey: Mass chaos on the Metro Mass – http://lyndseyhannigan.wordpress.com/2011/10/01/mass-chaos-on-the-metro-mass/
Erin: Outdooring: A joyous occasion – https://erinantcliffe.wordpress.com/2011/10/02/outdooring-a-joyous-occasion/
Siera: Two months of immersion in Ghana – http://mydevelopmentdiary.wordpress.com/2011/10/02/two-months-of-immersion-in-ghana/
Mike Klassen: Gearing Down… – http://doorwaytotheuniverse.wordpress.com/2011/10/02/gearing-down…/
Lauren: Dorothy, Complexity and Change – http://goneawaytheghanaway.wordpress.com/2011/10/02/dorothy-complexity-and-change/
Eric: Larium bugs – http://ericlimacher.wordpress.com/2011/10/03/larium-bugs/
Eric: Mpika Urban Hospital – http://ericlimacher.wordpress.com/2011/10/03/mpika-urban-hospital/
Janine: Me – http://chasingquestions.wordpress.com/2011/10/03/m/
Don: Perseverence – http://impactnotintent.wordpress.com/2011/10/03/perseverance/
Joyce: Seeing Ghana through Ghanaian eyes – http://alexandrajoyce.wordpress.com/2011/10/03/seeing-ghana-through-ghanaian-eyes/
Kristina: More of the usual – http://kristinastories.wordpress.com/2011/10/04/moreoftheusual/
Geneviève: After the rain – http://alittlegirlintheworld.blogspot.com/2011/10/after-rain.html
Max: Donnez moi un M, un A, un L, un A…. Rassemblé toutes ces lettres et vous y trouverez… – http://maxipowghana.wordpress.com/2011/10/05/donnez-moi-un-m-un-a-un-l-un-a-rassemble-toutes-ces-lettres-et-vous-y-trouverez/
Franck: Retour à Québec – http://franckvachon.wordpress.com/2011/10/05/retour-a-quebec/
Dominique: The Tale of the Missing Visa – http://domsafricanblog.blogspot.com/2011/10/tale-of-missing-visa.html
Lyndsey: On Being Present – http://lyndseyhannigan.wordpress.com/2011/10/05/on-being-present
Dom: Making shea butter Part 1 – http://domsafricanblog.blogspot.com/2011/10/making-shea-butter-part-one.html
Kristina: Leap – http://kristinastories.wordpress.com/2011/10/06/leap/
Duncan: Designing for Glee – http://waterwellness.ca/2011/10/06/designing-for-glee/
Mark W: Thanksgiving in Zambia – http://markeveryware.wordpress.com/2011/10/09/thanksgiving-in-zambia/
Mark W: Pool Hall – http://markeveryware.wordpress.com/2011/10/10/pool-hall/
Mark W: Jacaranda trees in flower – http://markeveryware.wordpress.com/2011/10/11/trees-in-flower/
Duncan: Lake of Stars – http://waterwellness.ca/2011/10/12/lake-of-stars/
Mark W: Misplaced message? – http://markeveryware.wordpress.com/2011/10/12/misplaced-message/
Janine: Gangksgiving – http://chasingquestions.wordpress.com/2011/10/12/gangksgiving/
Lauren: I love my job… and a Slam poem – http://goneawaytheghanaway.wordpress.com/2011/10/12/i-love-my-job-and-a-slam-poem/
Jordan: A better view, is right in front of you – http://whatyoumightbemissing.wordpress.com/2011/10/13/a-better-view-is-right-in-front-of-you/
Eric: Halfway! – http://ericlimacher.wordpress.com/2011/10/13/halfway/
Max: Tout est relatif – http://maxipowghana.wordpress.com/2011/10/13/tout-est-relatif/
Janine: Missing home(s) – http://chasingquestions.wordpress.com/2011/10/14/missing-homes/
Mark W: What’s in a name? – http://markeveryware.wordpress.com/2011/10/14/whats-in-a-name/
Jordan: Can’t take it anymore… gotta get back to Canada – http://whatyoumightbemissing.wordpress.com/2011/10/16/cant-take-it-anymore-gotta-get-back-to-canada-corrected-version/
Dan: Happy Thanksgiving! – http://questionstoquestions.wordpress.com/2011/10/16/happy-thanksgiving/
Mark W: Hockey night in Zambia – http://markeveryware.wordpress.com/2011/10/16/hockey-night-in-zambia/
Mark W: More Harvey Tile wisdom – http://markeveryware.wordpress.com/2011/10/17/more-harvey-tile-wisdom/
Eric: Halfway! – Addendum – http://ericlimacher.wordpress.com/2011/10/17/halfway-addendum/
Tessa: Backspace versus delete – http://postcardsfrommalawi.wordpress.com/2011/10/17/backspace-versus-delete/
Kristina: Answering a common question – http://kristinastories.wordpress.com/2011/10/18/answering-a-common-question
Janine: On Vision – http://chasingquestions.wordpress.com/2011/10/18/on-vision/
Eric: Where’s Eric? – http://ericlimacher.wordpress.com/2011/10/18/wheres-eric/
Janine: Saa – http://chasingquestions.wordpress.com/2011/10/19/saa/
Mark W: Brain fruit – http://markeveryware.wordpress.com/2011/10/19/brain-fruit/
Dom: The DDA Fellowship part 2 (or maybe 3): I Have a Dream – http://domsafricanblog.blogspot.com/2011/10/tthe-dda-fellowship-part-2-or-maybe-3-i.html
Max: Origine, appartenance et modernité?! – http://maxipowghana.wordpress.com/2011/10/20/origine-appartenance-et-modernite/
Mark W: Chitenge slackline – http://markeveryware.wordpress.com/2011/10/20/chitenge-slackline/
Mike: Thank You Too – http://doorwaytotheuniverse.wordpress.com/2011/10/20/thank-you-too
Mina: Asking Different Questions – http://zikomoafrica.wordpress.com/2011/10/20/asking-different-questions/
Erin: A Tale of Two Projects – https://erinantcliffe.wordpress.com/2011/10/20/a-tale-of-two-projects/
Geneviève: Liwonde here I come – http://alittlegirlintheworld.blogspot.com/2011/10/liwonde-here-i-am.html
Janine: The Science Master – http://chasingquestions.wordpress.com/2011/10/21/the-science-master/
Mark W: Roadside rock quarry – http://markeveryware.wordpress.com/2011/10/21/rock-quarry/
*Jordan: I guess I’m not that hardcore – http://whatyoumightbemissing.wordpress.com/2011/10/22/i-guess-im-not-that-hardcore/
*Lyndsey: 7 days in a rural village and other October highlights – http://lyndseyhannigan.wordpress.com/2011/10/23/7-days-in-a-rural-village-and-other-october-highlights/
Lisa: Finding the trail again – http://pumpsandprosperity.wordpress.com/2011/10/24/finding-the-trail-again/
Janine: Risotto, french toast and other Ghanaian culinary concoctions – http://chasingquestions.wordpress.com/2011/10/24/risotto-french-toast-and-other-ghanadian-culinary-concoctions
Eric: Anecdotal Normalcy – http://ericlimacher.wordpress.com/2011/10/24/anecdotal-normalcy/
Mark W: Independence Day – http://markeveryware.wordpress.com/2011/10/24/independence-day/
Kristina: Fathers – Things that make me happy – http://kristinastories.wordpress.com/2011/10/26/fathers-things-that-make-me-happy/
Geneviève: Four corners – http://alittlegirlintheworld.blogspot.com/2011/10/four-corners.html
Mark W: FAO Vouchers – http://markeveryware.wordpress.com/2011/10/26/fao-vouchers/
Anthony: Beliefs should be the foundation of structure – http://www.investinpeople.ca/iip/955
Max: Les privilèges d’un Sulminja – http://maxipowghana.wordpress.com/2011/10/27/les-privileges-d’un-sulminja/
Mark W: Burnin’ rubber sandals – http://markeveryware.wordpress.com/2011/10/27/burn-rubber-sandals
Dom: Thanksgiving in Ghana – http://domsafricanblog.blogspot.com/2011/10/thanksgiving-in-ghana_28.html
Dom: How is one supposed to feel? – http://domsafricanblog.blogspot.com/2011/10/how-is-one-supposed-to-feel.html
Franck: Looking west – http://franckvachon.wordpress.com/2011/10/28/looking-west/

Special Feature: Blog Action Day on the topic of Food
Siera: Smart interventions for food security in Africa – http://mydevelopmentdiary.wordpress.com/2011/10/16/smart-interventions-for-food-security-in-africa/
Duncan: Nothing is that simple – http://waterwellness.ca/2011/10/16/nothing-is-that-simple-post-for-blog-action-day-2011/
Don: The ‘Last Mile’ in agricultural development – http://impactnotintent.wordpress.com/2011/10/16/the-last-mile-in-agricultural-development/
Erin: Sustainable Food Security: Agricultural Models for the 21st Century – https://erinantcliffe.wordpress.com/2011/10/16/sustainable-food-security-agricultural-models-for-the-21st-century/
Robin: Food: The good, the bad and the nasty – http://addictedtoimpact.blogspot.com/2011/10/food-good-bad-and-nasty.html
Janine: My friend Gani, malnutrition and the merit of soya beans – http://chasingquestions.wordpress.com/2011/10/16/my-friend-gani-malnutrition-and-the-merit-of-soya-beans/

Amusing and interesting things:

*New York Times Infographic: The Great Regression – http://www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2011/09/04/opinion/04reich-graphic.html?ref=sunday
*Personal Best: Coaching a Surgeon: What makes top performers better? – http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2011/10/03/111003fa_fact_gawande?currentPage=all
Here is a Way Development & Aid Workers can Overcome Isolation at Work – http://developmentcrossroads.com/2011/10/here-is-a-way-development-aid-workers-can-overcome-isolation-at-work/
The world’s top 100 economies: 53 country, 34 cities and 13 corporations – http://www.oxfamblogs.org/fp2p/?p=7164
16 Tips to Simplify your Life and Increase your Productivity – http://tombasson.wordpress.com/2011/06/20/16-tips-to-simplify-your-life-and-increase-your-productivity/
Wonderful video made by the Summer 2011 EWB Junior Fellows!! – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gfZhHEk4m8I

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A Tale of Two Projects

This is the story of two projects, one MoFA office and a case of bad coordination.

In early 2010, a prominent project came to my office, the Tamale Metropolitan office of the Ministry of Food and Agriculture. One of the project’s aims was to provide training and inputs to farmers in a bid to increase production (this is a VERY common project design in northern Ghana). They wanted to enlist the help of our Agricultural Extension Agents (AEAs) to carry out the implementation, in exchange for a small sum (also very common). The first step was to form groups of 50 farmers, each with one acre of land to contribute toward the project.

But it was not enough to just identify the farmers and their land. Like every project, this one was required to communicate their progress back to their funders in the West. As part of their monitoring, they had to send back a GPS map showing the location of every piece of land that was part of the project. That is 50 one-acre farms per farmer group, with anywhere from 1-3 groups per AEA, for 20 AEAs. That’s about 2000 individual one-acre farms, all shown on a GPS map.

And who do you think had to do that mapping, to go out into the field and walk around the perimeter of each farm with a GPS unit in hand? That’s right, the MoFA AEAs.

With only two GPS units in the office, this mapping procedure dragged on for months. Some AEAs only took half the data, while some managed to avoid doing it altogether. But eventually, the project kicked some butt and all the AEAs finished the mapping. Hours and hours of fieldwork, all to send a progress report to a donor in the West who probably won’t even look at the map.

Tahiru, an AEA in Tamale

Later in 2010, another project came to visit my MoFA office. This project was focused more on market linkages than training farmers. They were aiming to develop a database containing  information for marketers – farmers’ names, contact info, location, main commodities, volumes, etc. They were looking for some sample data to populate their database and they had selected the 50-person farmer groups set up by the first project to use as the sample data.

One of the pieces of data required for the database was the GPS coordinates of the farms. The project brought one GPS unit and asked the AEAs to go around to each farm and mark it on the GPS. Of course they would provide a small sum for this work to be done.

No one protested. They took the money and did the EXACT SAME WORK ALL OVER AGAIN.

A farmer's field outside Tamale

During the time taken to collect GPS data, whether for donors or marketers, the AEAs were not fulfilling their core role as extension agents. Their time was taken up by projects, away from solving farmers’ problems, away from responding to farmers’ needs and away from delivering agricultural information. The AEAs were used as information-gathering tools, rather than a means to actually reach out to farmers. And this was not just one day – this was weeks and weeks of work. You can imagine my frustration at finding out that this was done not once, but twice in the same year.

Mustapha, an AEA in Tamale

The development industry is a funny thing. Here in Tamale, several NGOs exist solely for the purpose of bidding on and implementing donor projects. They don’t have one specific mission, they don’t do their own project design, and they aren’t particularly discerning in the types of projects they bid on. They’re in it for the money.

So what’s the kicker in this story? These two projects were implemented by the EXACT SAME NGO. The project staff sat next to each other in the same office, but never talked enough to know that they were collecting the same GPS data.

Sustainable Food Security: Agricultural Models for the 21st Century

This is a post for Blog Action Day (#bad11), a movement that aims to start a global discussion through thousands of blogs posted in one day on the same topic. This year, the topic is one dear to my heart: Food.I have been thinking about food a lot for the past 1.5 years through my work in agriculture with EWB. We are working closely with the Ghanaian Ministry of Food and Agriculture to reach out to farmers, but what are we working toward? This question has nagged me more and more as time goes on, to the point that I ran a learning session at our last EWB retreat with the same name as the title of this post – Sustainable Food Security: Agricultural Models for the 21st Century.I’ve been reading a lot on this topic in the past 8 months. I’m not sure if there’s a trend toward addressing this issue lately, or if I’m just noticing the articles because I’m finally looking for them, but there is a LOT of writing out there! I’ve summarized a few of my favourite articles in the “Further Reading” section at the end of this post.
The Issues

First, let’s get to the heart of the issue: it’s a matter of food production vs. environmental sustainability. Traditional industrial agriculture has achieved record production through intensive farming practices, mechanized farming and petro-chemical inputs applied with machine-like precision. This has come at the expense of the environment, with corporate farms using up precious fossil fuels and destroying ecosystems in the quest for more food. However, viewing these as two opposing goals is a false dichotomy; if we want to achieve food security far into the future, we must find a way to fulfill both of these goals AT THE SAME TIME! My research into this topic has tried to answer this question: what model of agriculture will allow us to achieve sustainable global food security?

Development workers have a unique perspective on the problem of global food security because we must take into account an additional question, “what is good for poor farmers?” In this case, it’s not just about achieving adequate food production, or nutrition levels, or even environmental sustainability. We must also take into account the lifestyle of the poor Ghanaian farmer, who is being asked to adopt this model to continue providing food for his fellow citizens. What model of agriculture will spur human development in Ghana while also fulfilling the above two goals?

Though I mentioned that there are a lot of people writing on this topic right now, there is a relatively low level of consensus as to what the future model of global agriculture should be. There is a never-ending number of models being promoted (organic, agroecology, industrial, urban, etc.), each with its own convincing arguments and promoters. This is quite startling, and makes it very difficult to choose one agricultural model to promote in our work. So how can we plan for the future?

My Opinion

Let’s be very clear here: the following are my personal opinions, not those of EWB, Ghanaian farmers, or anyone else you might confuse me with. There is no right answer, only a series of thoughts and questions that remain to be determined.

Traditional agriculture in Ghana is somewhat organic, in the sense that there are no chemicals applied to the crops. Most farmers practicing these traditional methods also don’t use improved seeds, proper land preparation techniques or any other Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs). As a result, they get low yields compared to their neighbours who use “modern” techniques – mechanized land preparation, chemical fertilizers/herbicides/pesticides, and better GAPs. This is leading Ghanaian farmers to see chemical agriculture as the way forward, when in fact many of these GAPs applied to their traditional organic fields would also increase yields significantly.

Right now, MoFA is steering Ghana toward a future of intensive industrial agriculture through credit-in-kind schemes and input subsidies. And why shouldn’t they? This is the path every other industrialized nation has taken to get out of poverty and push forward their economies. But I think it’s too late to take this path. The time has come when oil-based agriculture is getting too expensive (and oil prices are too volatile) to rely on. The price of oil will only increase in the next 20 years, so why are we promoting a model of dependence on these inputs in Ghana?

If things go ahead as MoFA wants them to, soon the majority of Ghanaian farmers will be using industrial agriculture methods. Food security in the country will be improved, but for how long? Soon fuel prices will be too high for Ghanaians to afford the food produced in this manner, and we will be thrown back into food insecurity. Ghana is at the brink of “maturity” in agriculture, about to choose a method to promote and follow for decades to come. Let’s help them make an appropriate and sustainable choice.

My colleague Mina works with an organic fertilizer company near Tamale and often cites a study that showed yields to be virtually the same when appropriate amounts of chemical and organic fertilizer were applied to test fields. In fact, the plot with the highest yields used a combination of both types of fertilizer. So why are these methods most often presented as mutually exclusive?

There are many sustainable practices being used in Ghana on a small scale – sustainable land management, soil fertility techniques, inter-cropping to naturally get rid of pests, organic fertilizers and weedicides and many other GAPs. What are the best ways for EWB to promote these techniques without being paternalistic and dictating the way forward for Ghana’s agricultural development? Tricky…

I think one of the key lessons here is that we need to be adaptive, changing our approach depending on the conditions (economic, social and environmental) in which we find ourselves. Of course, these conditions are changing all the time, so we need to be constantly testing our assumptions, checking if the information we gathered 1 year, 6 months or even 2 weeks ago is still relevant today. And we need to help the Government of Ghana to have the same resilient approach, adapting to new information and conditions as the world lumbers toward a new model for sustainable food security.
More Details

Different levels of thinking about this:

  • Global food systems
  • Consumers in Canada
  • African agriculture
  • Farmers
  • EWB’s stance
  • Our strategies

More questions to ponder…

  • How do we bridge economic development & environmental sustainability in Africa?
  • What are the pros and cons of each agricultural model?
  • How do these changes in policy translate to realities on the ground?
  • What stance should EWB and other NGOs take on these issues? How will this effect our work?

Other tricky issues (you can Google these for more info):

  • African land grabs
  • GM crops
  • Foreign investment
  • Subsidies
  • Food price volatility
  • Climate change
  • Famine
  • Biodiversity
  • Farmers’ rights
  • Biofuels

Further Reading

Special report on the future of food – population, development, environment, politics, nutrition, food waste:

Politics, global markets, demand for food:

Olivier De Schutter, UN Special Rapporteur on the right to food, and the concept of agroecology:

Agroecology and development:

Organic farming:

Food waste:

Concentrated industrial vs. wide-spread “nature-friendly” agriculture, which is better for the environment:

Smallholder farmers and environmental sustainability:

Findings of DuPont Advisory Committee on Agricultural Innovation and Productivity for the 21st Century:

Moving from old to new models of agriculture:

Outdooring: a joyous occasion

Yesterday was the outdooring for my friend Farouk’s new baby. This is a ceremony that is held 7 days after the birth of a baby here in Ghana, and it is the occasion when the baby’s name is announced to the world. So I present to you: Mohammed Taiwab!

Mohammed Taiwab, his mother and I at the outdooring

This little guy is so small and super-cute! He slept the whole time I was there, despite the crowds of squawking women and the fact that he was passed from person to person every 2 minutes. I guess that’s what you do when you’re 7 days old? Maybe?

The outdooring starts in the wee hours of the morning, when the women start preparing food. People come and gather, men in one place and women in another, to celebrate with the parents. People get dressed up, food is served and everyone generally has a ball. Each guest will give something small to help with the new baby, like soap, baby clothes or some small money.

The first-time mother is surrounded by her mother and sisters, all of whom have come to help her with her new task of taking care of a baby. In many cases, she will actually go and live with her mother or female relatives for the first few months of the baby’s life, to learn how to take care of it/him/her properly. This is great for the father, who doesn’t have to deal with the crying baby in the middle of the night, but he also loses out on some bonding/loving time!

Farouk and I at the outdooring

Farouk is a great example of a modern new father from Tamale. He is an electrician (he does all our electrical work and won’t let us pay him!) and he used to live right next door to Ben and I. He runs an electrical shop on the main road and you can find him there from 8am to 10pm – he works a lot! We’ve become good friends over the past year. Many times we’ve discussed his approach to marriage, fatherhood, life, etc. and how it differs from traditional beliefs in this area.

For example, even though he is Muslim, Farouk doesn’t want to have multiple wives. He himself is the son of a man with 3 wives, and he saw how difficult it was for the family, especially those 3 women. His own mother left his father when Farouk was young and took him to live somewhere else. (There’s not really any such thing as divorce in northern Ghana, at least it’s not common… but as far as I can tell, Farouk’s mom was outta there!) He says having multiple wives causes too much conflict, so he’ll stick with one, thank you very much.

Farouk has also told us that he will never beat his kids. Unfortunately, this is a VERY unusual stance in this area. It is quite normal to punish children with smacks, sticks and other forms of corporal punishment. I think this is very much a classic case of those who’ve been beaten taking it out on those who are “below” them on the food chain. When you grow up in a culture of physical abuse, it’s very difficult to change your mindset and the abused often becomes the abuser. But somehow Farouk has decided that it isn’t right, and it’s not the way he’ll discipline his kids. Good on you, Farouk!

The happy family

I’ve enjoyed spending time with Farouk, who always, always has a smile on his face. He and his wife have been so excited for the new baby to arrive, and now he’s finally here. I know they will take good care of him and shower this kid with love, and I can’t wait to watch him grow. Welcome to the world, Mohammed Taiwab!

Development Digest – 30/09/11

Hi everyone,

Here we go again: another catch-up version of the Development Digest. This time we’re catching up on the international development blogosphere! Check out that section for lots of food for thought. Enjoy!

I would also like to highlight a prominent development blogger, Tom Murphy (A View From the Cave), who has started up a daily development news digest. Visit the site for more information and to subscribe: http://dawnsdigest.com/

If there’s anything you’d like to see added or removed from the Development Digest, please let me know!

If you only have time to read 5 articles, read the ones with the *star*!

Global news:

Gone but not forgotten: Anwar al-Awlaki dead – http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2011/09/30/Anwar_al_Awlaki_dead_but_not_forgotten
Stocks collapse at end of worst quarter since the crisis, led by economically sensitive sectors – http://blogs.wsj.com/marketbeat/2011/09/30/stocks-collapse-at-end-of-worst-quarter-since-the-crisis-led-by-economically-sensitive-sectors/?mod=e2tw
Where do we go from here? Five things that Palestine could do to push forward the quest for statehood – http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2011/09/30/palestinian_statehood_un_where_do_we_go
Dozens killed in Syria protests – http://english.aljazeera.net/news/middleeast/2011/09/20119301527522457.html

Canada news:

Fighting poverty pays off, report says – http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/story/2011/09/28/poverty-report.html
‘Smart’ aid boosting African economies – http://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/international-news/global-exchange/globe-correspondents/smart-aid-boosting-african-economies/article2181349/
Ontario NDP’s shift to the middle could leave Liberals feeling squeezed – http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/politics/ontario-election/ontario-ndps-shift-to-middle-could-leave-liberals-feeling-squeezed/article2185809/

Africa news:

*Small factories take root in Africa – http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424053111904060604576570541250028496.html?mod=ITP_pageone_0
In Zambia, an election reveals skepticism of Chinese involvement – http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2011/09/in-africa-an-election-reveals-skepticism-of-chinese-involvement/245832/#.ToSNkO-5RkY.twitter
Tough-talking Sata orders probe into deals – http://www.nation.co.ke/News/africa/Tough+talking+Sata+orders+probe+into+deals/-/1066/1245852/-/tfnt3bz/-/index.html
Boko Haram top commander, five others arrested – http://allafrica.com/stories/201109290004.html
Ivory Coast gets truth and reconciliation commission – http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-15086829
Wangari Maathai: death of a visionary – http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-15060167

Ghana news:

Oh, Ghana… – http://www.edwardrcarr.com/opentheechochamber/2011/09/28/oh-ghana-2
Efforts to reduce child labour on cocoa plantations beginning to pay off – http://www.irinnews.org/report.aspx?ReportId=93805
World Bank has okayed Chinese loan: President Mills – http://allafrica.com/stories/201109300066.html

Agriculture news:

On agricultural productivity and food security – http://www.edwardrcarr.com/opentheechochamber/2011/09/26/on-agricultural-production-and-food-security
Gender differences in agricultural productivity – http://marcfbellemare.com/wordpress/2011/09/gender-differences-in-agricultural-productivity/
New radio documentary shows how FrontlineSMS connects farmers in Kenya – http://www.frontlinesms.com/2011/09/29/new-radio-documentary-shows-how-frontlinesms-connects-farmers-in-kenya/
Thirty years after the original, a new study of organic agriculture – http://www.good.is/post/over-thirty-years-proving-the-benefits-of-modern-organic-agriculture-technology/
*Got cheap milk? Why ditching your fancy, organic, locavore lifestyle is good for the world’s poor – http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2011/09/12/got_cheap_milk
Cereal prices in 2020: how worried should we be? – http://blogs.odi.org.uk/blogs/main/archive/2011/09/12/food_price_forecasts_world_markets.aspx

Eldis studies and papers:
The rural non-farm economy: prospects for growth and poverty reduction – http://www.eldis.org/go/display&type=Document&id=59032
Rural Africa at the crossroads: livelihoods, practices and policies – http://www.eldis.org/go/display&type=Document&id=59021
Smallholder farmers’ perceptions of climate change and conservation agriculture: evidence from Zambia – http://www.eldis.org/go/display&type=Document&id=58993
Access to land, growth and poverty reduction in Malawi – http://www.eldis.org/go/display&type=Document&id=58466

Events you can’t go to, but might be interested in browsing papers, blogs and articles about:
Sept. 25-Oct.6, e-Agriculture: Challenges and Opportunities for Capturing Impact in ICT Initiatives in Agriculture – http://www.e-agriculture.org/
Sept. 26-2, IFAD AgriKnowledge Share Fair – http://www.sharefair.net/share-fair-11-rome/about-the-fair/en/

Development thinking:

*EWB ALERT: CEO George’s post about writing his TED talk – 6 Minutes for a Big Idea: disciplined communication courtesy of TED – http://blogs.ewb.ca/ceo/2011/09/26/6-minutes-for-a-big-idea-disciplined-communication-courtesy-of-ted/
Time and Space – http://bloodandmilk.org/2011/09/28/time-and-space
A hypothetical proposition on governance reform – http://bottomupthinking.wordpress.com/2011/09/30/a-hypothetical-proposition
Sharing is caring: why handing out money is a good practice – http://www.whydev.org/sharing-is-caring-why-handing-out-money-is-a-good-practice/
Form a posse – http://www.owen.org/blog/4921
What should Oxfam be doing on water? – http://www.oxfamblogs.org/fp2p/?p=6654
Good news on aid: dependency is falling, and quality (slowly) improving – http://www.oxfamblogs.org/fp2p/?p=6890
*What happens when donors fail to meet their commitments? – http://blogs.cgdev.org/globaldevelopment/2011/09/what-happens-when-donors-fail-to-meet-their-commitments.php
USAID FWD: Some promise and some transparency – http://www.aviewfromthecave.com/2011/09/fwd-some-promise-and-some-transparency.html
Working Paper: The impact of economics blogs – http://blogs.worldbank.org/impactevaluations/working-paper-the-impact-of-economics-blogs
Aid “Industry” vs. Humanitarian “Relief” – http://buildingmarkets.org/blogs/blog/2011/09/07/aid-industry-vs-humanitarian-relief/
Learning about Famine – http://blogs.ewb.ca/ceo/2011/09/10/learning-about-famine/
*Have you tested your strategy lately? – https://www.mckinseyquarterly.com/Strategy/Strategic_Thinking/Have_you_tested_your_strategy_lately_2711
Of Penn, pigs and cod (really about humility) – http://blogs.cgdev.org/globaldevelopment/2011/09/of-penn-pigs-and-cod.php
If randomized evaluations are so great, why don’t businesses use them? – http://blogs.cgdev.org/globaldevelopment/2011/09/if-randomized-evaluations-are-so-great-why-don%E2%80%99t-businesses-use-them.php
Managing better for results, not just measuring them better: lessons on complexity for the results agenda – http://blogs.odi.org.uk/blogs/main/archive/2011/09/09/aid_effectiveness_measuring_impact_complexity.aspx
Appropriate Technology: could donkey ambulances save lives in poor countries? – http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development/poverty-matters/2011/sep/08/appropriate-medical-devices-poor-countries
Private cities coming to Africa – http://wrongingrights.blogspot.com/2011/09/private-cities-coming-to-africa.html
Blog survey findings: who reads development blogs? – http://findwhatworks.wordpress.com/blog-survey-findings/
A new kind of overseas charity is born – http://blogs.cgdev.org/globaldevelopment/2011/09/a-new-kind-of-overseas-charity-is-born.php
Making the most of mobiles (not internet) – http://www.irinnews.org/report.aspx?ReportId=93675

EWB blog posts:

Anthony: The Anchor Leg – http://www.investinpeople.ca/iip/937
Duncan: The death of a camera – http://waterwellness.ca/2011/09/24/the-death-of-a-camera/
Janine: Getting comfortable – http://chasingquestions.wordpress.com/2011/09/24/getting-comfortable/
MC: Et si la pluie ne venait pas? – http://extraitsduburkina.wordpress.com/2011/09/26/et-si-la-pluie-ne-venait-pas/
Janine: Rasta drugs – http://chasingquestions.wordpress.com/2011/09/26/rasta-drugs/
Lyndsey: What I “chop” in Ghana (chop = eat) – http://lyndseyhannigan.wordpress.com/2011/09/26/what-i-chop-in-ghana-chop-eat/
Colleen: Where in the World is Colleen? – http://www.whereintheworldiscolleen.com/archives/1589
Lisa: Crossing the Shire – http://pumpsandprosperity.wordpress.com/2011/09/28/home-sweet-home-mangochi/
Tessa: Days like Month 5, days like today – http://postcardsfrommalawi.wordpress.com/2011/09/29/days-like-month-5-days-like-today/
Franck: Un marathon à Accra – http://franckvachon.wordpress.com/2011/09/30/un-marathon-a-accra/
Robin: The need to look again – http://addictedtoimpact.blogspot.com/2011/09/need-to-look-again.html
Janine: Jamz – http://chasingquestions.wordpress.com/2011/09/30/jamz/

Amusing and interesting things:

Machine Gun Menace – http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2011/09/22/machine_gun_menace?page=full
New neighbours: The African photographer and the camera – http://nanakofiacquah.blogspot.com/2011/09/new-neighbours-african-photographer-and.html
Presidential candidates: listen to your alma maters on climate change – http://blogs.cgdev.org/globaldevelopment/2011/09/presidential-candidates-listen-to-your-alma-maters-on-climate-change.php

Development Digest – 23/09/11

Hi everyone,

Well, it’s been a while since I’ve done this. Just when I got really excited about putting together this Digest every week, I also got a new job – and got about 10 times busier than I was before. Yikes! Bad timing, right? Things got a bit crazy over the summer and this task fell off my plate week after week. So sorry for the radio silence!

But since this is something I really enjoy, and I think it’s a great investment in my personal learning, I want to continue to make it happen. So we’re back! After much delay, heeeeeeeeeeeere is your Development Digest!

There are a lot of interesting posts to catch up on, but I don’t want to overload you all in one week. Instead, I’m going to “catch up” in different categories over the coming weeks. To start off, this is the catch-up post for EWBer blogs, along with a smattering of other interesting news and posts. We’ll catch up on the development blogs and agriculture categories soon!

For those of you who are new to the Development Digest, this is a weekly summary of interesting links (news, blog posts, etc.) that I started sending out at the beginning of 2011. Feel free to read as much or as little of it as you’d like – it’s for your personal interest and learning only. Enjoy!

If you only have time to read 5 articles, read the ones with the *star*!

—–

Global news:

Speed-of-light experiments give baffling result at Cern – http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-15017484
Troy Davis execution goes ahead despite serious doubts about his guilt – http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/sep/22/troy-davis-execution-last-words
President Saleh returns to Yemen – http://english.aljazeera.net/news/middleeast/2011/09/201192344820432439.html
Taking a stand, and shedding Arafat’s shadow – http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/22/world/at-un-a-moment-for-abbas-to-shed-arafats-shadow.html
*Europe failing Libya’s refugees: Amnesty – http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-14977155

Canada news:

Inscrutable Stephen Harper baffles the pundits – http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/politics/second-reading/gerald-caplan/inscrutable-stephen-harper-baffles-the-pundits/article2168878/
Cost of Ontario university education adversely affecting families and economy – http://www.socialwatch.org/node/13595
TransCanada pipeline lobbyist works all the angles with former colleagues – http://www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/transcanada-pipeline-lobbyist-works-all-the-angles-with-former-colleagues/2011/09/16/gIQAYq3BnK_story.html
*Inequality: A problem for everyone – http://www.nationalpost.com/news/problem+everyone/5433076/story.html

Africa news:

*Opposition leader wins Zambia election – http://english.aljazeera.net/news/africa/2011/09/2011922234557755338.html
Somalia famine: UN warns of 750,000 deaths – http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-14785304
How have things changed (in Kenya)? – https://www.economist.com/blogs/baobab/2011/09/famine-horn-africa
Burkina Faso: Justice campaigners welcome police convictions for fatal beating – http://www.ips.org/africa/2011/08/burkina-faso-justice-campaigners-welcome-police-convictions-for-fatal-beating/
Malawi: Markets torched ahead of cancelled protests – http://www.ips.org/africa/2011/09/malawi-markets-torched-ahead-of-cancelled-protests/
Pipeline fire kills dozens in Nairobi slum – http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/sep/12/pipeline-fire-nairobi-slum
Malaria vaccine trial raises hope – http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-15008866

Ghana news:

Ghana rights group warns of anti-gay hate campaign – http://www.thestar.com/news/world/article/1029152–ghana-rights-groups-warn-of-anti-gay-hate-campaign
Workers to demonstrate against fake textiles in Ghana – http://www.shadders.net/africa-creative/workers-to-demonstrate-against-fake-textiles-in-ghana.html
Kwame Nkrumah the Socialist – http://grahamghana.wordpress.com/2011/09/21/kwame-nkrumah-the-socialist/
Ghanaian EPA with EU would put integration process in danger – http://www.socialwatch.org/node/13598
Assemblies to take over street lighting – http://allafrica.com/stories/201109220798.html
The abandoned offspring of oil – http://www.ips.org/africa/2011/09/ghana-the-abandoned-offspring-of-oil/
Nankanis fight for own district – http://allafrica.com/stories/201109190374.html
AGRA – helping to solve food insecurity in the country – http://allafrica.com/stories/201109220107.html
Biotech centre to spearhead root, tuber research – http://allafrica.com/stories/201109220536.html
Ghana’s new mental health bill aims to address stigma – http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development/2011/aug/29/ghana-new-mental-health-bill

Agriculture news:

*The farms are not all right – http://www.walrusmagazine.com/articles/2011.10-food-the-farms-are-not-all-right/
Farming: thoughts on an intense debate – http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-14761015
Oxfam warns about effects of ‘land rush’ – http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-15013396
Ugandan farmer: ‘My land gave me everything, now I’m one of the poorest’ – http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2011/sep/22/uganda-farmer-land-gave-me-everything
Small seed packets could play a big role in Africa’s battle against drought – http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development/poverty-matters/2011/aug/29/seeds-role-africa-farmers-drought

Development thinking:

A world without borders makes economic sense – http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development/poverty-matters/2011/sep/05/migration-increase-global-economy
Steve’s Seven Insights for 21st Century Capitalists – http://blogs.hbr.org/haque/2011/08/steves_seven_insights_for_21st.html
*Acumen: Ten Things We’ve Learned To Be True – http://www.acumenfund.org/ten/#ten-things-box
Guardian “Key First-Year Reads” for Dev’t students – http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development/2011/sep/21/first-year-development-student-books
A fresh narrative on aid dependence – http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development/poverty-matters/2011/sep/13/fresh-narrative-on-aid-dependence
What impact have the global crises had on development thinking? – http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development/poverty-matters/2011/sep/21/global-crisis-development-rethinking
Chinese factories in Africa: not so fast – http://blogs.ft.com/beyond-brics/2011/09/16/chinese-factories-in-africa-not-so-fast/?ftcamp=traffic/email/content/monthnl//memmkt#axzz1YlswB6Iu
Food is the ultimate security need, new map shows – http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/damian-carrington-blog/2011/aug/31/food-security-prices-conflict

EWB blog posts:

I’m going to list posts starting back in August, which is quite a while ago. These are in chronological order, from oldest to newest, so skip to the bottom for new posts.

Mina: Transient Relationships – http://zikomoafrica.wordpress.com/2011/07/18/transient-relationships/
Kristina: Why I’m moving – http://kristinastories.wordpress.com/2011/07/18/why-im-moving/
Kristina: Sugar cane – http://kristinastories.wordpress.com/2011/07/21/sugar-cane/
Tessa: How to bereka mwana (carry a baby) in Malawi – http://postcardsfrommalawi.wordpress.com/2011/07/21/how-to-bereka-mwana-carry-a-baby-in-malawi/
Lisa: The intricacies and oddities of village life – http://pumpsandprosperity.wordpress.com/2011/07/22/the-intricacies-and-oddities-of-village-life/
Mina: Dignity before Development? – http://zikomoafrica.wordpress.com/2011/07/26/dignity-before-development/
MC: Le sésame burkinabé: une culture de rente en pleine croissance – http://extraitsduburkina.wordpress.com/2011/08/02/le-sesame-burkinabe-une-culture-de-rente-en-pleine-croissance-2/
Kristina: Different systems – http://kristinastories.wordpress.com/2011/08/03/different-systems/
Erin: Sacrifice – https://erinantcliffe.wordpress.com/2011/08/04/sacrifice/
Mina: Inequality – http://zikomoafrica.wordpress.com/2011/08/06/inequality/
Kristina: Why pay more? – http://kristinastories.wordpress.com/2011/08/08/why-pay-more/
Kristina: Doubt – http://kristinastories.wordpress.com/2011/08/10/doubt/
Duncan: After the storm – http://waterwellness.ca/2011/08/14/after-the-storm/
Kristina: Side excursions and radio silence – http://kristinastories.wordpress.com/2011/08/23/side-excursions-and-radio-silence/
Lisa: Moments of clarity amidst a fog of uncertainty – http://pumpsandprosperity.wordpress.com/2011/08/25/moments-of-clarity-amidst-a-fog-of-uncertainty/
Geneviève: Tension – http://alittlegirlintheworld.blogspot.com/2011/07/tension.html
Kristina: This isn’t quite a poem – http://kristinastories.wordpress.com/2011/08/26/this-isnt-quite-a-poem/
Franck: Vallée de la Volta – 2e partie – http://franckvachon.wordpress.com/2011/08/28/vallee-de-la-volta-2e-partie/
Franck: Nouvelles diverses – http://franckvachon.wordpress.com/2011/08/28/nouvelles-diverses/
Geneviève: Global engineers or global friends? – http://alittlegirlintheworld.blogspot.com/2011/08/global-engineers-or-global-friends.html
Jordan: Of Life and Death, but mostly death: Part 1- The magic of a newborn baby – http://whatyoumightbemissing.wordpress.com/2011/08/28/of-life-and-death-but-mostly-death-part-1-the-magic-of-a-newborn-baby/
Jordan: Of Life and Death, but mostly death: Part 2- The fate of Jimmy the goat – http://whatyoumightbemissing.wordpress.com/2011/08/30/of-life-and-death-but-mostly-death-part-2-the-fate-of-jimmy-the-goat/
Jordan: Of Life and Death, but mostly death: Part 3- The last part – http://whatyoumightbemissing.wordpress.com/2011/09/08/of-life-and-death-but-mostly-death-part-3-the-last-part/
Tessa: It’s in the hands – http://postcardsfrommalawi.wordpress.com/2011/08/30/its-in-the-hands/
Lauren: Human resources and barriers to development – http://goneawaytheghanaway.wordpress.com/2011/08/31/human-resources-and-barriers-to-development/
Mina: Motorcycle Diaries! – http://zikomoafrica.wordpress.com/2011/09/01/motorcycle-diaries/
Don: And, we’re back – http://impactnotintent.wordpress.com/2011/09/03/and-were-back/
Duncan: Fitting innovation in – http://waterwellness.ca/2011/09/05/fitting-innovation-in/
Lauren: The need for open, shared data – http://goneawaytheghanaway.wordpress.com/2011/09/06/the-need-for-open-shared-data/
Geneviève: All those little things – http://alittlegirlintheworld.blogspot.com/2011/09/all-those-little-things.html
Tessa: The story of home in Sakhome – http://postcardsfrommalawi.wordpress.com/2011/09/08/the-story-of-home-in-sakhome/
Mina: New Beginnings – http://zikomoafrica.wordpress.com/2011/09/09/new-beginnings
Anthony: Commit – http://www.investinpeople.ca/iip/931
Siera: Agricultural Extension and development – http://mydevelopmentdiary.wordpress.com/2011/09/11/agricultural-extension-and-development/
Robin: 2 Years Down – http://addictedtoimpact.blogspot.com/2011/09/2-years-down.html
Geneviève: Playing your house on the stock market – http://alittlegirlintheworld.blogspot.com/2011/09/playing-your-house-on-stock-market.html
Duncan: Reminders – http://waterwellness.ca/2011/09/12/reminders/
Kristina: A week at the office – http://kristinastories.wordpress.com/2011/09/12/a-week-at-the-office/
Kristina: Ndipita ku gomo – http://kristinastories.wordpress.com/2011/09/13/ndipita-ku-gomo/
Geneviève: When life tips over and flips – http://alittlegirlintheworld.blogspot.com/2011/09/when-life-tips-over-and-flips.html
Erin: Update – https://erinantcliffe.wordpress.com/2011/09/17/update/
Don: It’s all about the implementation – http://impactnotintent.wordpress.com/2011/09/19/its-all-about-the-implementation/
Erin: Days Like These – https://erinantcliffe.wordpress.com/2011/09/19/days-like-these/
Mina: Days Like Today – http://zikomoafrica.wordpress.com/2011/09/20/days-like-today/
Ben: Nasara’s Smile – http://theborrowedbicycle.ca/2011/09/nasaras-smile/
Geneviève: Suit Up and Go Play – http://alittlegirlintheworld.blogspot.com/2011/09/suit-up-and-go-play.html

Amusing and interesting things:

Caring for your Introvert – http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2003/03/caring-for-your-introvert/2696/
An African Chief in cabby’s clothing – http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/14/nyregion/isaac-osei-taxi-driver-in-new-york-and-chief-in-ghana.html

Days Like These

There are some days when it’s obvious that you’re working in a developing country. Today was one of them.

It rained again today. It started in the morning, when I was still in bed. Despite the soothing rain-drumming-on-the-roof sound tempting me to stay there, I forced myself to get up, work out, shower and get ready to go to the office. During a brief lull in the rain, Ben and I headed off to the egg-and-bread stand for breakfast. We found several of our colleagues there, hiding out in a veranda to escape the drizzle-turned-downpour. And then, it REALLY started to rain. It rained and poured for over an hour, creating massive floods of water overflowing the storm gutters and running through yards and along the road. Once the downpour subsided, we still had to wait almost another hour to escape the aforementioned veranda, which had become an island in the middle of a river. Mina and Romy’s motos were our water-mark measures, showing that at least 8 inches of water were flowing along the dirt road to join the deluge of the overflowed gutters. We finally escaped and tip-toed home through puddles full of dirt, worms, garbage and, invariably, shit. Gross.

Drowning motos on the road (yep, that's a road)

We arrived back at our house to find something out of a disaster scene on a news broadcast. Our place was fine, as our veranda and door are raised up, but our landlord’s house next door had flooded for the first time in almost 20 years. Water had entered every room, and we went in to find books stacked on tables stacked on chairs in an effort to get everything up off the floor that could be damaged. The dirty water was everywhere, including the maize storage room, where it had ruined several bags of maize before someone remembered to look in there. That is part of this 15-member household’s food supply for the year, gone in a few short minutes. We spent the next couple hours helping them to scoop, sweep and propel water out of the house, pulling up carpets and emptying the furniture along the way. We emptied the house of its contents in order to bring them out in the sun to dry. There was a mattress on the roof, clothes hanging in the tree and chairs scattered around the lawn. It looked like a tornado had hit. One boy had 2 netbooks on the floor of his room that had both been soaked, so we put them in rice to try to save them.

Working together to push water out of the hall

At one point during the effort, one of the women asked me, “Does this happen in Canada?” I replied that yes, floods often happen, and in fact there had been some serious flooding in the US this summer where people’s houses were even washed away. She was surprised to hear this, and accepted that these freak natural disasters can happen even in profitable places.

But the problem is that this wasn’t a freak natural disaster; it’s the result of poor planning. Tamale is a huge and ever-growing city, made mostly of concrete, with insufficient storm gutters to take all of the water safely out of the city limits without dropping it on people’s homes. Apparently the extra water came today because one of the dams in town overflowed, sending a wave of water our way. But this wouldn’t happen if the engineers who designed the roads, gutters and storm drains did their work properly! The fact is, a flood of this nature would make the news in Canada. Here in Tamale, it’s just an everyday occurrence during the rainy season.

My landlord, Alhassan Mousah, in his ruined living room after we cleared most of the water out

I never did make it to the office today. In fact, this is the first time I’m turning on my computer today. I had big plans for the work I was going to get done, but none of it happened. And that’s the reality of life in a country like Ghana. You can make big plans, but you just have to take things as they come.

Sure, today the rain spoiled my plans and some of my neighbours’ stuff. But it also gave me a chance to connect with people – first with my EWB colleagues, as we huddled out for 2 hours on a 4’x8′ square of covered concrete, then with my neighbours as we worked together. I was impressed, as I so often am, by their cheerful and resilient spirit, laughing and joking together even in the face of this disaster. Ghana has taught me so much about what is important in life – not your expensive carpet, but family, friends, togetherness, your ability to survive and to enjoy life!

Here are a few videos to show you the extent of the rain and how we feel about it: